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ESP32: encrypt multiple devices with same flash key?

I've been following the examples at

It seems as if the first command wants to generate a new unique key for each device. I would like to use the same key for multiple devices - is there any way to do this?


  • I tried: --port /dev/blah burn_key flash_encryption fe.key
    mos flash --esp32-encryption-key-file fe.key

    where fe.key is a key previously generated with mos -X esp32-gen-key ... but this gives the dreaded "flash read error, 1000" indicating a key disparity.

  • NeedlerpNeedlerp United Kingdom

    Did you ever get an answer to this?

  • rojerrojer Dublin, Ireland

    this may be because espefuse and mos flash use different byte order in key files. you can use mos esp32-efuse-set to set the key, like so: mos esp32-efuse-set flash_encryption_key=@key.bin --dry-run=false where key.bin is a 32-byte file. then use the same file for mos flash.
    don't forget to read- and write-protect the key fuses as well: mos esp32-efuse-set flash_encryption_key.RD=1 flash_encryption_key.WD=1 --dry-run=false

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